An in-depth READER on the GEORGIA Constitutions An "insider" in Georgia's recent constitutional revision gives a "penetrating" analysis of the state's history and political system. A succinct history describes the highly charged political events behind the changes in ten constitutions and a prolific number of amendments from colonial times through the Civil War to the present, during which time Georgia gained regional and national prominence. The reference gives the text of the constitution, article by article, along with commentary. The guide cites current court interpretation, provides a table of cases, identifies important local constitutional amendments, and offers a bibliography and index. Lawyers, judges, historians, political scientists, policymakers, and interested citizens will find this survey invaluable for understanding Georgia today. The Constitution of the UNITED STATES From the US Archives - has lots of supplementary info. U.S. Constitution - Wikipedia National Center for Constitutional Studies Education, Courses etc. Zoomable: The U.S. Bill of Rights A reproduction of the ORIGINAL Bill of Rights (on display at the National Archives). Use the pull-down menu to the right to zoom into each of the Amendments. Its text will also appear below the image. Note: You can Zoom IN= SHIFT key, OUT=ALT key. There are currently some "arguments" over the "Origen" and "Intent" of the Bill of Rights (hopefully due to ignorance). These ORIGINAL documents will clear them up: Following the Federal [Constitutional] Convention of 1787 and the subsequent ratification of the Constitution in 1788, the several States began submitting amendments to Congress for consideration. By September of 1789, Congress had reduced approximately 210 separate amendments to 12. These 12 amendments were inserted into a congressional resolution and submitted to the several States for consideration. Of these, numbers 3-12 were ratified by the States in 1791 and became the so-called Bill of Rights. It is important o know that the "Bill of Rights" (as it were) was demanded by The People before they would Ratify the Constitution. They wanted their Basic Rights "Spelled Out" - so nobody could "Argue or Deny" them later. At that time, everybody understood that ALL of these rights were GOD-GIVEN & INALIENABLE - not "Granted" by the Government. The Founding Fathers discussed this at length and did not include it as they thought it was superflous or dedundnat to include a Bill of Rights. The People, however, did not share that much "confidence" in ANY government, now or in the future (it certainly is no wonder Why, considering what they had just been through), so they DEMANDED it. It is highly likely that the Constitution would NOT have been ratified without it. A little known fact about this resolution is that it contained a preamble declaring the purpose of the proposed amendments. Most modern editions of the Bill of Rights either do not contain the preamble or only include the last paragraph. The most important paragraph is the first one because it discloses the intent of the proposed amendments. THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution.
A review of this paragraph shows that the sole purpose of the proposed amendments was to prevent the federal government from “misconstruing or abusing its powers.” To accomplish this, “further declaratory and restrictive clauses” were being proposed. The amendments, if adopted, would place additional restraints or limitations on the powers of the Federal Governmentto prevent that government from usurping its constitutional powers. Every clause of the Bill of Rights, without exception, is either a declaratory statement or a restrictive provision. If the Bill of Rights had granted rights, then the word “granted” would have to appear each and every time a right was being established. A review of the Bill of Rights shows that the word “granted” does not appear in any Amendment.
Is there a relationship? Freedom vsLegislative District Sizes The 1st Proposed Amendment to the Federal Constitution was never ratified. What a shame.. As a result, we now have Representatives that are so far removed form The People that they are NOT KNOWN by the very people that vote them in - and they answer to nobody. Art. I. After the first enumeration required by the first article of the Constitution, there shall be one representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than one hundred representatives, nor less than one representative for every forty thousand persons, until the number of representatives shall amount to two hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than two hundred representatives, nor more than one representative for every fifty thousand. (we now have about 700,000 !) Taking Back Our RepublicThe principal problems that result from oversized congressional districts and how political power can be returned to the citizenry through representational enlargement. 435 Representatives Can NOT Faithfully Represent 300 Million Americans Can ONE man represent 700,000? --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Vattel 1758 - The Law of Nations This was THE Standard for the World at the time of the Founding of our nation. It contains all the basic definitions used and recognized by all Learned Individuals at the time. Example: it contains the definition of "Natural Born Citizen", as understood by our Founding Fathers, and used in our Constitution - one of the prerequisites for the office of President, which has been bandied about quite a bit in recent times (on page 186 [87 of the original book]). The Founding Fathers were Heavily Influenced by Vattel's Book. On December 9, 1775, Benjamin Franklin thanked Dumas: "It came to us in good season, when the circumstances of a rising State make it necessary to frequently consult the Law of Nations." .Franklin also said that this book by Vattel, "has been continually in the hands of the members of our Congress now sitting". Wikipedia on Vattel Dr. Franklin presented a copy to the Philadelphia Library. This book was highly valued - library records still exist to show that virtually all the Founding Fathers checked it out, from time to time, except for the few that owned a personal copy. "A Natural Born Citizen is one with two parents who are citizens, and born upon the soil of their Nation. Ultimately it comes down to having no other options for citizenship AT ALL. Your complete identity is solely dependent on that singular condition at birth. It can only be assumed that YOUR Allegiance will be the SAME as your Father's."
Recommended Reading There are thousands of books that deal with the Founding of our Country; the nature, origens and principles of Government and Laws; Sovereignty and other related subjects. We offer you a few in our DOWNLOADABLE LIST here
A SLIDE-SHOW Analysis TheArticles of Confederation led to the Georgia Constitution of 1877.
ALL the Important Documents in the WORLD (dating from 4000 BC to Today) They all can be found at: The Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy
Constitutional Concepts (Conspiracy of Deceit) Where did the Republic Go? How do we get it back? A complete book on the Building Blocks to Freedom. It analyses all the significant principles of the Founding of our Republic, the changes that have occurred, where we are going and what we will have to do to save our great nation. (573 pages)
100 MILESTONE Documents - This list was compiled by the National Archives and Records Administration, and drawn primarily from its nationwide holdings. The documents chronicle United States history from 1776 to 1965.